The State of South Australia was established on 1 January 1901, at the time of Federation. Previously, it was the Colony (or Province) of South Australia.
At the time of Federation, eleven politicians from South Australia left to join the new Commonwealth government, including six former Premiers. According to the Parliament of SA website, it took some years for the new State to recover from this 'brain drain'.
The Northern Territory was under the control of the State of South Australia from 1901 until 1911 (the Colony of South Australia having laid claim to it in 1863). Responsibility for the Northern Territory was transferred to the Commonwealth government in 1911.
1834 - 1901 Colony of South Australia
1901 - State of South Australia
Prepared by: Cate O'Neill
Created: 19 December 2014, Last modified: 2 June 2015
Last updated: 2 July 2021
Cite this: https://www.findandconnect.gov.au/ref/sa/biogs/SE01407b.htm
First published by the Find & Connect Web Resource Project for the Commonwealth of Australia, 2011
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