The Factories Act 1904 regulated employment. It defined a 'boy' as being 'every male under the age of fourteen years'. The Act did not cover employment in an 'industrial or reformatory school', or agricultural labour, or household labour. These were the main occupations of young people in out of home care, who were classified as 'service children'. They had none of the protections of the Factories Act 1904 but were subject to provisions in the Industrial and Reformatory Schools Act 1893 and the State Children Act 1907. The Factories Act 1904 was repealed in 1920 by the Factories and Shops Act 1920.
Sources used to compile this entry: .
Prepared by: Debra Rosser
Created: 2 May 2013, Last modified: 15 June 2018