'Australia's welfare 1993: services and assistance' reports on out-of-home 'care' (or 'substitute care') in the nation for the 1991-1992 year, including statistics and information about Western Australia. It also has a brief history of out-of-home care in Australia to 1993 (pp.174-175), showing two distinct post-World War Two periods. From the 1940s to the 1970s, an an increasing involvement by governments in the child welfare system and moves towards professional staff, including social workers, and a growing awareness of child abuse and neglect as a 'significant and distinct problem' is described. The second period identified in the report is characterised by a trend away from institutions in favour of small group and family-based care, and the 'emergence of children's rights as a critical concept'. See sections 2.6 WELSTAT 1977-1992: the national development of State-based welfare data (pp.36-37); 4.5 Child welfare: overview (pp.174-175); 4.6 Child welfare services (pp.176-177); 4.7 Children in need (pp.177-184); Child welfare: substitute care service usage (pp.185-191).