The Providence Children's Home was established at Bacchus Marsh in 1957. It accommodated children from Victoria's Dutch community, but was not exclusively for children from any national or religious group. It was established to accommodate children between 2 and 16 years, but also had babies and infants. After Providence Children's Home closed in 1978, it became a hostel for elderly Dutch migrants, called Providence Village.
Providence was established in 1957, and was initially a small hostel in a disused private hospital in Bacchus Marsh. Its function was to care for the children of Dutch 'New Australians' whilst their mother or family were indisposed. It also provided some temporary accommodation for migrant families.
The Catholic priest Leo Maas of the Catholic Dutch Migrant Association was instrumental in the establishment of the Home It was established to cater for children from Victoria's Dutch community, whose population was increased by post-war migration policies.
In 1958 the Catholic Dutch Migrants Committee decided against continuing with short term family care and changed the function of the facility to that of a children's home/hostel for up to 25 residents. This was declared an Approved Children's Home in April 1958 to allow it to accommodate wards of State.
The age range of children accommodated was between 2 and 16 years. However, the annual report of the Department for 1959 stated that 1 infant was living at 'Providence Dutch Hostel' under the Infant Life Protection provisions of the Child Welfare Act. In 2016, a former resident of Providence Children's Home shared her memories of the Home with the Find & Connect web resource, and stated that Providence had a babies' room for children aged under 2 who slept in cots. She also recalled that the staff included nuns from Holland, young women who were themselves Dutch migrants, as well as Australian-born staff.
The Home was not exclusively for children from any national or religious group. Children attended local Catholic primary schools and Bacchus Marsh High School.
In 1963 Providence took possession of an old weatherboard house close to the main home for use as a 'family group home'. This was closed when, in 1965, a new purpose built family group home was opened in Sydney Street, Bacchus Marsh.
In 1967 Providence established three new family group homes on land near the Bacchus Marsh station bringing its capacity to 40 children. The original Standfield Street facility was sold soon after. One further cottage was opened in the early 1970s. At this stage the Home presented as a campus cluster of five cottages in one circular court.
In the late 1970s Providence Children's Home was phased down due to the general decline in the numbers of children coming into care and the introduction of the policy of placing those children who did come into care close to their families in regionally based facilities. Very few of the children placed at Providence were from Bacchus Marsh and District.
Following the further placement or home release of those children left at Providence, the home formally closed in December 1978.
After Providence Children's Home closed it became a hostel for elderly Dutch migrants, also called Providence.
In 2021, the Victorian government has agreed to be a funder of last resort for this institution. This means that although the institution is now defunct, it is participating in the National Redress Scheme, and the government has agreed to pay the institution's share of costs of providing redress to a person (as long as the government is found to be equally responsible for the abuse a person experienced).
Sources used to compile this entry: Catholic Social Services Australia, 'Attachment A: The name and location of Catholic run orphanages', in Submissions received by the Committee as at 3 July 2009, Inquiry into the Implementation of the Recommendations of the Lost Innocents and Forgotten Australians Reports, Commonwealth of Australia, 2009, http://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/Senate/Community_Affairs/Completed_inquiries/2008-10/recs_lost_innocents_forgotten_aust_rpts/submissions/sublist; James Jenkinson Consulting, Guide to out-of-home care services 1940-2000 - Volume One: Agency Descriptions, Department of Human Services, Unpublished, November 2001, https://www.childabuseroyalcommission.gov.au/sites/default/files/DHS.3004.011.0367.pdf; Overberg, Henk, 'Maas, Christianus Leonardus Maria (Leo) (1911 - 1973)', in Australian Dictionary of Biography Online Edition, 2006, http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/maas-christianus-leonardus-leo-10885; Email correspondence with Rita, March-April 2016; Children's Welfare Department, Report of the Director for the year 1959, p.33.
Prepared by: Cate O'Neill
Created: 12 June 2009, Last modified: 7 December 2021