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South Australia - Organisation

Poonindie Mission (1851 - 1894)

  • Aboriginal Mission, Poonindie

    Aboriginal Mission, Poonindie, 1885, courtesy of State Library of South Australia.
    Details

From
1851
To
1894
Categories
Anglican, Home, Mission and Protestant
Alternative Names
  • Poonindie Native Institution (Also known as)
  • Poonindie Training Institution (Also known as)

The Poonindie Mission was established at Poonindie by the Church of England in 1850. It was initially run as a training institution for young Aboriginal people from Adelaide schools. It later became a Christian community made up of Aboriginal people from various localities. The lease to Poonindie Mission was surrendered in 1894 and the majority of residents were moved to Point Pearce and Point McLeay Mission Stations. A small number of residents remained until the 1910s.

Details

The Poonindie Mission was established by the Church of England in 1850. Situated 15 km north of Port Lincoln, adjacent to the River Tod, the Mission was run by the Archdeacon Matthew Hale and was established as a Training Institution where teenage Aboriginal people who had attended school in Adelaide could continue to be brought up as Christians. In 1852 the school for Aborigines in Adelaide closed and the Mission, in order to keep its government assistance, was forced to accept any person sent by the Protector of Aborigines. Along with the former students residents at the Mission eventually included people from Albany, Point McLeay, the Riverland and the South-east of South Australia. By 1868 the Mission had become self-supporting running cattle, sheep and pigs as well as growing crops of wheat and oats.

In the 1890s the government came under pressure to have the Mission closed and the land made available for sale. By 1894 the lease had been surrendered and the Mission officially closed. Many of the Missions resident families were moved to Point McLeay and Point Pearce Mission Stations. There was, however, a small number of Aboriginal people who remained at Poonindie until sometime in the 1910s.

Location

1851 - 1890
Location - The Poonindie Mission was situated at Poonindie. Location: Poonindie

Related Glossary Terms

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Online Resources

Photos

Aboriginal Mission, Poonindie
Title
Aboriginal Mission, Poonindie
Type
Image
Date
1885
Source
State Library of South Australia

Details

Mission Station, Poonindie
Title
Mission Station, Poonindie
Type
Image
Date
c. 1910
Source
State Library of South Australia

Details

Sources used to compile this entry: 'A brief history of Poonindie Mission', in Saint Matthew's, Poonindie, 2011, http://www.poonindie.com/poonindie/history.htm; George, Karen, Finding your own way, Nunkuwarrin Yunti of South Australia Inc., 2005, http://nunku.org.au/resources/; 'Poonindie', in Firstsources.info, http://www.firstsources.info/poonindie.html.

Prepared by: Karen George and Gary George