The Mental Deficiency Act of 1920 established a Mental Deficiency Board to supervise adults and children diagnosed as mentally defective. The Act also established the State Psychological Clinic which provided the diagnosis
The term mentally defective appears in case files kept by the Mental Deficiency Board and the records of the State Psychological Clinic.
Influenced by eugenics, the framers of the Act did not believe that so called mental defectiveness could be cured. However, they did think that, with proper training and supervision, children that received the diagnosis could lead happy lives.
Children diagnosed as mentally defective often did not have an intellectual disability. Challenging behaviour, inadequately managed physical disabilities such as deafness, educational disadvantage, an institutional upbringing, and poverty, neglect or abuse could all lead to this diagnosis.
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The Find & Connect Support Service can help people who lived in orphanages and children's institutions look for their records.
13 February 2019
Cite this: http://www.findandconnect.gov.au/guide/tas/TE00198
First published by the Find & Connect Web Resource Project for the Commonwealth of Australia, 2011
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