The Oodnadatta Hostel opened in Oodnadatta in 1970. It was funded by the Commonwealth Government and run by the Save the Children Fund in consultation with the Department of Aboriginal Affairs. The former superintendent of the United Aborigines Mission (UAM) Oodnadatta Children's Home became the superintendent of the new hostel. The majority of children in the Hostel were transferred from the UAM Children's Home. The exact closing date of the Oodnadatta Hostel is unknown.