The Phillip Creek Native Settlement was established by the Native Affairs Branch in August 1945 as a temporary settlement for Aboriginal people the government wanted removed from the Six Mile Ration Depot near Tennant Creek. Situated 43km north of Tennant Creek, in an area also known as Manga Manda, the Phillip Creek Native Settlement was initially staffed by missionaries from the Aborigines Inland Mission.
The 1946 NT Administration Report records the numbers of Aboriginal people at Phillip Creek at that time:
' The inmates of the settlement are 78 men, 94 women, and 103 children. In addition to their physical welfare, the Missioner in charge attends to their spiritual needs and imparts education to the children.'
The settlement had three dormitories for Aboriginal children - one each for boys and girls and a third for children of both sexes that were considered at the time to be 'half-caste'.
In 1947, the children who were considered to be 'half-caste' were removed from the settlement and taken to the Retta Dixon Home in Darwin.
In 1952 the Native Affairs Branch took over administration at Phillip Creek.
The settlement, always intended to be temporary, had difficulties with access to permanent drinkable water. In the early 1950s a new site with more permanent water was located at Warrabri, 175kms south of Tennant Creek. By June 1956 the population of Phillip Creek had been resettled at Warrabri and the Phillip Creek Native Settlement was closed.
07 February 2019
Cite this: http://www.findandconnect.gov.au/guide/nt/YE00062
First published by the Find & Connect Web Resource Project for the Commonwealth of Australia, 2011
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